The Black Taxis – some of which are green and red and grey - which service west and north Belfast are famous the world over. No tourist visit to the city would be complete without a black taxi trip.
The Taxi Association runs a thriving tour business bringing visitors around the city and giving them a potted history of the place.But its main function is as a transport service for the citizens of west and north Belfast.
40 years ago it was a different story. Belfast was in turmoil. The conflict was at its height, barricades and riots were commonplace. The main roads were regularly blocked and bus services were often suspended especially in West Belfast.
A couple of local people had the bright idea of going to London, to buy some old black taxis and to set up an alternative service. It caught on and soon hundreds of these, sometimes very old and dilapidated black hacks, were travelling up and down the Falls, Andytown and the Whiterock
Frequently up to 8 people would cram into the vehicle – six in the back and two in the front. If roads were blocked they drove down side roads, over the rubble of riots, along footpaths. Nothing stopped them. Not even the British Army checkpoints.
It was a unique solution to a unique problem – providing transport for citizens of this area in the midst of major conflict.
The taxis ferried people to and from work and kept families in contact with each other. But it has been at a high cost. Their success meant that they became a major target for the British and unionist state, and an element of the media. The taxi association and the taxi drivers were demonised, and targeted by unionist death squads. As a direct consequence of this 8 drivers were killed in sectarian attacks and scores more were assaulted, arrested and harassed.
And today there are battles still to be fought against discrimination and bias. But 40 years on the Falls Taxi Association is a blueprint for community economic development. 220 drivers are employed and there are 26 additional jobs. The heritage of the black taxis is intertwined with the history and experience of our community. As the community has evolved, so has the taxi association.
The conversion of the open air taxi ranks into a new complex, and now the opening of a new passenger terminal are signs of forward planning and progress. The black taxi service is a public and community service in the fullest sense. That theme is beautifully illustrated and captured in the mural outside – it says the people’s taxis.
This initiative came from the people; it provides employment for people and it is a service for the people.There is a seanfhocal which expresses this more clearly – Ní neart go cur le cheile !
The black taxis are not only an element of community life in west and north Belfast. They mirror the community.The taxis were the first public transport service to go bilingual, reflecting our native language and the needs and rights of those of speak Irish. Glor Na nGael recognised this by presenting the taxis one of their annual awards.
Now taxis bring people of other cultures to visit west and north Belfast. These visitors bring investment to the heart of our community, and the tours also bring our culture and history to life for them.
So the history of the taxi association is a history of community resistance, commitment and success. It is a history which should be cherished.